Whether you teach in a public or private school, or you teach private lessons, chances are at some point you have had at least one student who doesn't put in the time practicing at home. Most people fail to realize just how important practicing outside of your lessons is when playing an instrument. So what do you do when you have a student who just won't practice? Donna Schwartz, a public school teacher for over 13 years and a private music teacher for over 26 years wrote an article providing us with 7 tips to get your students to practice more.
What can we do to get our students to practice more?
Here’s some ideas that I have used or have heard other well-known teachers implement. Some of these ideas will take time, but are worth it in the long run…
- Get to know each of your students. This is a tall order, but showing interest in your students’ lives builds trust. When you bring the conversation outside of music, it shows you are interested in more than one aspect of who they are. It shows you are about them as people. This can be as simple as noticing and talking about a special sticker on a student’s folder to complementing them on an accomplishment in another subject or sport.
- A great tip I heard from a colleague (Mickey F.) was this: He tells his students making mistakes is fine, but make NEW mistakes! He doesn’t want to hear the same OLD mistakes over and over. To reinforce this, he uses different colored pencils to show them that they made an old mistake and he doesn’t want to hear that mistake again.
- If the student keeps coming up with the excuse that they don’t have time, and they are of elementary school age, I wouldn’t hesitate to contact the parent via email or phone to find out more about the situation. I would explain that their child is falling behind in their learning and try to come up with a practice plan with that parent.
- When you get to the upper middle or high school level, contacting the parents will not be as effective. Using groups or teamwork for the upper grades can be helpful. Some teachers have had “competitions” amongst the sections in their ensemble to see who has been able to perform specific examples or pieces the most accurately or the quickest. Think of having prizes, possibly an end of the party during a group’s lesson time.
- When I teach my beginners, I know the main reason they took an instrument was to learn to play songs. I use concepts from the well-researched Music Learning Theory to teach students how to play songs by ear while they are learning playing technique. I have seen some amazing results from this, and it is very rare when I have a student drop Band during this time. I keep it simple, and introduce small achievable steps in each lesson.
- Many teachers use external reward systems with a lot of success, whether it’s stickers, prizes or earning sheet music to popular songs for the student’s particular instrument.
- Lastly, educate the parents. As stated above, with each generation, less and less people are getting exposed to the joy of performing music, and do not understand the effort involved in mastering a piece of music. Meet with parents on Open School Night, hold a special meeting for parents during Band/Orchestra Recruitment Time, or create a monthly newsletter that keeps parents up to date on the events in your program. (I use monthly newsletters to keep parents informed and to outline what pieces we are working on, exercises to be accomplished, and I place a practice log so students can write in their practice minutes.)
I, personally, have done several of these, and am currently experiencing great success with how much my students are practicing. Their lessons are going more smoothly and we are getting more accomplished in each lesson. I came up with a "Practice Log Time Card." This is geared more towards my younger students. There are several blocks that represent 30 minutes of practicing. Each box needs a parent or guardian initial before I stamp it off. Once they hit the 4 hour mark for practicing, they get to pick out a prize from the prize box (just small little trinkets and candies, but it's enough to motivate them to practice more!). I have noticed, since starting the time card, that the students appear to be having more fun in the lessons, probably because we aren't spending as much time going over and over the same thing! So both teacher and student are happier!
by: Donna Schwartz
Original article on Donna Schwartz: Where Music Matters
About the author:
Donna Schwartz has been teaching band, jazz band, and general music in public schools for over 13 years, and private brass and saxophone lessons for over 26 years. She is known for coming up with solutions to common performance problems, in particular brass embouchure issues. Schwartz has studied with Vince Penzarella, Laurie Frink, Ed Treutel, Mel Broiles, Lou Doboe and Jeff Lange. She has her own radio show, entitled “The Music Teacher’s Resource Guide,” on the BAM Radio Network. Contact her at DonnaSchwartzMusic.com.
Kristen Rencher Nuss, Social Media and Online Community Engagement Coordinator. April 9, 2015. © National Association for Music Education (NAfME.org)